Improved NC path validation and manipulation with augmented reality methods

Weinert, K.1, a; Zabel, A.1, b; Ungemach, E.1, c; Odendahl, S.1, d

Institut für Spanende Fertigung, Technische Universität Dortmund, Baroper Str. 303, 44227 Dortmund

a); b); c); d)


Five-axis milling offers many advantages over the conventional three-axis milling process. However, because of the potentially complex motions, it is difficult for the machine tool operator to anticipate the actual movement based on the NC program. In this paper a software system for the NC path validation and manipulation during the milling process is introduced. This system is meant to expand the information given to the machine tool operator by enriching the view with data of a concurrently running milling simulation. The simulation is synchronized with the real-world machine tool movement by detecting the position of a marker that is mounted on the head stock. With this combination of real-world view and computer-generated data, which is called Augmented Reality, the machine tool operator is able to detect critical situations - like collisions between tool holder and workpiece or excessive forces - and may adjust the NC program accordingly.


Production process, Augmented reality, Milling simulation


Production Engineering. Research and Development, 2 (2008) 4, S. 371-376, doi: 10.1007/s11740-008-0115-3