Influence of the process parameters and forces on the bore sub-surface zone in BTA deep-hole drilling of AISI 4140 and AISI 304 L

Schmidt, R.1, a; Strodick, S.2, b; Walther, F.2, c; Biermann, D.1, d; Zabel, A.1, e

Institut für Spanende Fertigung, Technische Universität Dortmund, Baroper Str. 303, 44227 Dortmund
Fachgebiet Werkstoffprüftechnik (WPT), TU Dortmund

a); b); c); d); e)


The relationship between the cutting speed, the feed, the resulting process forces during the BTA deep hole-drilling process and the functional properties in the bore sub-surface zone of AISI 4140 and AISI 304 L is analysed. Due to the asymmetric design of the drill head radial forces occur which are supported through guide pads on bore surface. The result is an inner force flow inside the tool that affects a self-guiding effect during the drilling process. Due to this process the bore (sub-)surface zone is impinged with thermal and mechanical loads resulting in hardening, structural changes in microstructure and the occurrence of residual stresses, which can influence the fatigue strength, service life or reliability of the part. Residual stresses are measured using the magnetic Barkhausen noise method. Understanding the relationship between the process forces and functional properties in the bore sub-surface zone is essential for a following process control in order to generate defined bore sub-surface zones.


Procedia CIRP, 87 (2020), S. 41-46, doi: 10.1016/j.procir.2020.02.010