CFD simulation for internal coolant channel design of tapping tools to reduce tool wear

Biermann, D.1, a; Özkaya, E.1, b

Institut für Spanende Fertigung, Technische Universität Dortmund, Baroper Str. 303, 44227 Dortmund

a); b)


This paper presents the analysis and controlled modification of the coolant flow in tapping processes by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). First, a conventional straight flute tapping tool was analyzed and the results of the CFD simulation show, that the cutting edges are not sufficiently supplied with coolant. Therefore, the design of the internal coolant channels was modified based on these simulation results. To validate the CFD simulation, experimental tests were performed, using an optimized tool. The applied modifications lead to a reduction of the tool wear and an increase of the tool’s performance of about 36% was achieved.


Simulation, Tapping, Optimization


CIRP Annals Manufacturing Technology, 66 (2017) 1, S. 109-112, doi: 10.1016/j.cirp.2017.04.024