Evaluation of different approaches for modeling phase transformations in machining simulation

Schulze, V.1, a; Uhlmann, E.2, b; Mahnken, R.3, c; Menzel, A.4, d; Biermann, D.5, e; Zabel, A.5, f; Bollig, P.1, g; Ivanov, I. M.2, h; Cheng, C.3, i; Holtermann, R.4, j; Bartel, T.4, k

Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Institut für Werkstoffkunde I, Campus Süd, Engelbert-Arnold-Straße 4, 76128 Karlsruhe
Institute for Machine Tools and Factory Management, Technische Universität Berlin, Pascalstr. 8-9, 10587 Berlin, Germany
Chair of Engineering Mechanics,University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany
Institut für Mechanik, Technische Universität Dortmund, Leonhard-Euler-Str. 5, 44227 Dortmund
Institut für Spanende Fertigung, Technische Universität Dortmund, Baroper Str. 303, 44227 Dortmund

a) volker.schulze@kit.edu; b) uhlmann@iwf.tu-berlin.de; c) mahnken@ltm.upb.de; d) andreas.menzel@udo.edu; e) biermann@isf.de; f) zabel@isf.de; g) patrick.bollig@kit.edu; h) ivanmitkov.ivanov@iwf.tu-berlin.de; i) cheng@ltm.uni-paderborn.de; j) raphael.holtermann@tu-dortmund.de; k) thorsten.bartel@udo.edu


Presently, the main mechanism for phase transformations in machining of steels is not absolutely clear and is still subject to research. This paper presents, three different approaches for modeling phase transformations during heating in machining operations. However, the main focus lies on two methods which can be classified into a stress related method and a thermal activation related method for the description of austenitization temperature. Both approaches separately showed very good agreements in the simulations compared to the experimental validation but were never compared in a simulation. The third method is a precalculated phase landscape assigning the transformation results based on a micro-mechanically motivated constitutive model to the workpiece in dependence on the temperature and strain history. The paper describes all three models in detail, and the results are also presented and discussed.


FEM simulation, Phase transformation, Austenitization temperature


Production Engineering. Research and Development, (2015), doi: 10.1007/s11740-015-0618-7